It is widely accepted that there is no risk of sexual transmission of HIV if you have an undetectable viral load. However, when it comes to breastfeeding there are still concerns in the scientific community. Antiretroviral treatment (ART) keeps people living with HIV healthy, but it’s also a powerful prevention tool. We now know that…

Antibiotic resistance is accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics, as well as poor infection prevention and control. However, steps can be taken at all levels of society—each and every one of us to reduce the impact and limit the spread of resistance. So what can you as an individual do prevent and control…

We have a crisis that very few are taking seriously and if we don’t do something about it soon our health, wellbeing and medical system will break. The health system is already stretched so thin and increasingly even when the drugs are provided, they don’t work. How many times have you taken antibiotics and not…

Human beings are super smart…look at how far we have come in this world…how many things we have cured and all the technology we have created. If we put our minds to it we can do almost anything…so why is this tiny virus able to outsmart us? Early this month, scientists and doctors from the…

that….”In 1908, Adolph Spreckels, heir to the Spreckels’ sugar fortune (along with his brother), married a woman 24 years his junior. Alma was apparently quite a babe. She called her husband Adolph her “Sugar Daddy”.  Whatever the origin sugar daddy is synonymous with older man with money, young girl who wants expenses covered and lavish…

Medicines help us feel better and stay healthy. But, sometimes drug interactions can cause problems. There are three types of drug interactions: drug-drug; drug-food and drug-condition. Drug interactions can reduce or increase the action of a medicine or cause adverse (unwanted) side effects. Drug interactions, especially drug-drug interactions, can complicate HIV-treatment. Drug-drug interactions between different…

Children born with HIV accessing treatment, have no significant difference in their movement skills, social interaction, language skills or practical reasoning at age five compared to HIV-negative children, according to new research. However, some visual impairments were detected in the groups. The study followed around 200 newborns aged 12-weeks-and-under from Cape Town, South Africa, between…

  New medicines, protected by 20-year patents, can cost hundreds of dollars a packet and sometimes thousands. It is an increasing pressure on all health systems around the world. On the other hand, old drugs are out of patent, which means any company can make them, and usually the price drops very low because of…

There are a couple of options—some hi-tech expensive and not available in Malawi and some full proof and some a bit controversial and risky. Spermwashing, for instance, involves removing the seminal fluid surrounding a sperm, and then implanting that sperm in one of the female’s eggs. HIV is carried by seminal fluid, but not by…

There are a couple of options—some hi-tech expensive and not available in Malawi and some full proof and some a bit controversial and risky. Spermwashing, for instance involves removing the seminal fluid surrounding a sperm, and then implanting that sperm in one of the female’s eggs. HIV is carried by seminal fluid, but not by…

Antiretroviral regimens are usually changed for one or more of the following reasons: an unacceptable level of drug toxicities and/or side-effects; problems with adherence; failure to control viral load; not effective drug combination; change in medical condition and/or acquisition of other illness. Regimen change can include: selecting all new drugs; adding an agent from a…

An evaluation of eight rapid diagnostic tests widely used in a variety of African countries by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) shows that the tests vary in their performance, with false positive results being a concern. Samples from some geographical locations were more likely to have false positive results than others, suggesting that tests need to…

If you believed everything that came through on the Internet, we would all be beneficiaries of millions of dollars left by a Nigerian prince! The Internet is plagued with lies and misinformation  peddled by frauds and quacks such as bananas can cure Aids; Aids is a myth; a concoction of garlic, olive oil, beetroot, and…

A friend sent me a Whatsapp the other day of a centre in Kenya that does health screening for domestic workers. The centre tests for HIV, syphilis, urine analysis. My reaction—this is so wrong—it is abuse of human rights and extremely unethical and illegal! I was even more horrified when she told me apparently this…

It is scientifically accepted that circumcision reduces men acquiring HIV by approximately 60 percent! However, a number of proponents against circumcision say that the message gets lost in translation and that men assume that they cannot acquire HIV and hence, practice more risky behaviour after getting circumcised. Well, there is very good evidence now that…